The goal of cancer research is to save lives by establishing safe and effective methods for preventing, tracking, diagnosing, and treating cancer patients. Patients' common treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, depending on the type of cancer they have. There are other targeted medicines available for certain cancers.
· Targeted Therapies
· Laser and Immunotherapy
· Hormonal and Photodynamic Therapy
· Molecular Pathology & Diagnostics
Cancer biology is the study of how a typical cell's intracellular network is damaged during carcinogenesis in order to develop useful predictive models that can assist scientists and physicians in the validation of new therapies for the treatment.
· Malignant progression
· Structural biology and crystallography
· Cancer Bioengineering
Even if cancers spread to other places of the body, they are termed by the area where they start and the type of cell they are made of. The majority of cancers are caused by factors such as the environment, lifestyle, or behaviour. Human cancer is not usually contagious, yet it can be spread by oncoviruses and cancer germs.
Different malignancies can be found in different places of the human body depending on which organ is affected. Signs, symptoms, prevention, pain, and treatment may vary based on the intensity of cell development.
· Brain cancer
· Head and Neck Cancer (HSNCC)
· Thyroid cancer
· Lung cancer
· Bone Cancer
· Gastrointestinal Cancer
· Endocrine Cancer
· Neuroendocrine cancer
· Prostate Cancer
· Kidney Cancer
· Testicular Cancer
· Urologic Cancers
· Pancreatic Cancer
· Gynecologic cancer
· Colon Cancer
· Tumor or Malignant Tumor
An imaging test is a method of determining which areas of a person are impacted by cancer. X-rays, sound waves, radioactive particles, and magnetic fields are all used to transmit energy into the body during the exam. The bodily tissues alter the energy patterns in such a way that an image or picture of the interior position and functioning is developed, allowing health care workers to spot alterations caused by diseases such as cancer.
· Computed Tomography (CT)
· Magnetic Resonance Imaging
· X-rays and other Radiographic Tests
· Molecular and Biomedical Imaging
The study of entire DNA grouping as well as gene expression differences between tumour cells and normal host cells is known as cancer genomics. The study of epigenetic alterations to disease cells' DNA that do not include a change in nucleotide sequence but do involve a change in how the genetic code is transferred is known as cancer epigenetics.
· Non-Coding Genome
· DNA methylation
· Regulation of gene expression
Cancer Biomarkers are naturally occurring substances, genes, created by tumour cells or other cells in the body for a specific pathological or physiological process in response to the tumour that can be utilised as a cancer screening/early detection tool
· genomic testing or genomic profiling
· molecular testing or molecular profiling
Healthy bone marrow cells are transferred when chemotherapy is not an option. Other treatments, like as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, can be used with stem cell therapy.
· Autologous transplant
· Allogeneic transplant
A biopsy is done to determine the presence of cancer. A biopsy is a technique in which a sample of tissue or cells from the body is taken and evaluated in a laboratory. Ultrasound, fluoroscopy, CT scans, X-ray scans, and other imaging modalities are used to do biopsies
· Curative and Restorative surgery
· Diagnostic surgery
An increase in the emergence of different cancer conditions, a rise in the popularity of novel therapies, and an increase in the worldwide geriatric population are driving the expansion of the global oncology/cancer medications market. Because of increased cancer awareness and the availability of cancer medications, the market is likely to grow.
· Targeted therapy segment
· Cancer awareness and cancer treatment therapies
Cancer prevention is described as sensible precautions made to reduce the risk of developing cancer. This can include things like leading a healthy lifestyle, avoiding cancer-causing substances, and employing cancer prevention, medications or vaccines.
Nanoparticles for cancer imaging and medication delivery, as well as nanotechnology-based methods to cancer detection and treatment, are all part of cancer nanotechnology.
· Personalized medicine
Tumors such as liver cancer, leukaemia, lung cancer, and others are treated using immunotherapy. The major purpose of cancer pharmacology is to develop experimental strategies for the clinical treatment of cancer through research
· Drug development
· Biological therapy
· T-cell transfer therapy
Neurooncology is an area of medicine that dealing with tumours of the brain and spinal cord. Cancers of the nervous system are common dangerous conditions that can result in the death.
The following are some examples of life-threatening neurological cancers:
· Glioblastoma multiforme
Radiation therapy, also known as radiotherapy, is the use of various types of radiation to treat cancer and other conditions in a safe and effective manner. Radiation oncologists may use radiation to treat cancer, control its growth, or alleviate symptoms such as pain. Radiation therapy causes cells to die.
· Uses of X rays
· CT and MRI
Oncology nurses are in charge of dealing with a wide range of issues, as well as caring for cancer patients and advocating for them and their families. They're more concerned in how cancer patients react to treatment and the disease. For cancer patients, the oncology nurse will be the primary point of contact
· Cancer Nursing General Issues
· Nursing Care Plans
Clinical trials are used to explore innovative approaches to treat, diagnose, prevent, and manage cancer symptoms and treatment side effects. Clinical trials for cancer come in a variety of forms including:
· Treatment Trails
· Screening Trails
· Diagnosis & Treatment of cancer
The process by which healthy cells turn into cancerous cells is referred to as carcinogenesis, oncogenesis, or tumorigenesis. By causing cellular genetic alterations, substances known as carcinogens are those that can induce the growth of malignant tumors. Tumor promotion, malignant conversion, tumor development, and tumor initiation are its four stages.
· Chemical carcinogens
· Physical carcinogens, and
· Tumor Microenvironment
Metastasis is the process through which cancer cells spread to other regions of the body. The name of the primary cancer also applies to metastatic cancer. There are new approaches to destroy cancer cells or prevent their growth, including boosting your immune system's ability to do so, interfering with the steps in the process that cause them to spread, and focusing on certain genetic abnormalities in malignancies.
· Metastatic Cancer Research
· Cancer Metabolism
· Clinical Trails
Advanced cancer therapies such as surgery, radiation, immunotherapy, and others are available. In recent years, major innovations have emerged to improve cancer patients' traditional restorative choices. New helping techniques like energy digestion and extracellular vesicles, as well as breakthroughs in immunotherapy and nanotechnology, are guiding the next generation of cancer therapies.
· Physical exam and Imaging tests
· Surgical operation
· Medical Supervision
· Medicinal Plants and Cancer Chemoprevention
- Cancer therapy and research
- Cancer biology
- Cancer- Types and Causes
- Organ Specific Cancer
- Cancer Imaging Techniques
- Cancer Genomics and Epigenetics
- Cancer Biomarkers
- Stem Cell and Cancer Therapy
- Cancer Biopsy & Surgical Cancer
- Cancer Drugs Market
- Cancer Prevention and awareness
- Cancer Nanotechnology
- Cancer Pharmacology & Immunology
- Neuro Oncology
- Radiation Oncology
- Oncology Nursing and Care
- Clinical Trials of cancer
- Cancer Metastasis
- Diagnosis & Treatment of cancer