Saba AhmadiTbilisi State Medical University, Georgia
Title: IL-10 Polymorphism and Breast Cancer Risk in Georgian Women: A Case-Control Study
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with a vast variety of functions, but its role in cancer development and progression is not yet clear. It is involved in two of the hallmarks of cancer: vascularization and immune modulation. IL-10 inhibits angiogenesis and hence is antitumorigenic. But it also can suppress the immune system and be tumorigenic. The objective of this study is evaluating the role of IL-10 (-1082 A/G) gene promoter single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in breast cancer susceptibility and progression in Georgian women. A case–control study was performed on a total of 128 women, with 64 of them being histologically confirmed to have breast cancer and 64 healthy controls. SNP genotyping was performed with TaqMan assay with real-time polymerase chain reaction. And pathology report, containing proliferative activity and breast cancer hormonal status, was obtained after surgery of the case individuals. Statistical analysis was done to investigate the significance of data obtained from genotyping and histology reports. Statistical analysis revealed that the difference in frequency of genotypes was not statistically significant between cases and controls (chi-square= 0.5812, p= 0.7478). The comparison of proliferative activity of cases with AA genotypes and AG/GG genotypes showed no statistical difference (t =0.2575, p= 0.7980). Although when put into a plot (box and whiskers), patients with AG/GG genotype have outliers with very high proliferative activity. This study shows that -1082 A/G SNP in the promoter region of the IL-10 gene is not associated with breast cancer risk in Georgian women.
Saba Ahmadi completed her MD at the age of 24 years from Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia. With an interest in gynecological cancers, she’s led several research projects on Breast Cancer. She has served as a journal reviewer for multiple reputable journals.